[Pharmwaste] You Can Avoid Hazardous Chemicals

DeBiasi,Deborah Deborah.DeBiasi at deq.virginia.gov
Tue Sep 1 10:09:04 EDT 2009


You Can Avoid Hazardous Chemicals

Tuesday, September 1, 2009 

Everyday products can expose you to potentially hazardous chemicals,
some of which can accumulate in your body. As revealed in a published
study, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
have now detected 212 of those chemicals in the blood or urine of some
2,500 volunteers. Here are some potential problems associated with
common household items, as well as Consumer Reports' recommendations for
less-toxic alternatives. 

Air fresheners

They can emit volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as petroleum
distillates and d-limonene. Both compounds can irritate the skin, and
petroleum distillates can bother eyes and the respiratory tract.
Additionally, many air fresheners contain synthetic fragrances that have
compounds called phthalates. Some phthalates are linked to hormonal
abnormalities, birth defects and reproductive problems. 

ALTERNATIVES {vbar} Try getting rid of the source of the odor, rather
than masking it with an air freshener, and leave an open box of baking
soda to absorb any lingering smells. If you must use an air freshener,
do so only in well-ventilated spaces or consider natural fragrances,
such as herbs and spices boiled in water or wooden sticks dipped in
natural oils. 

Bathroom and kitchen cleaners

Drain openers can contain sodium hydroxide or sulfuric acid, which can
harm eyes, lungs and skin. Also, scouring powder can contain chlorine
bleach; bleach should never be mixed with other cleaners because
together they can form toxic gases. Further, potassium hydroxide and
sodium hydroxide, which are found in some oven cleaners, can irritate
eyes, lungs and skin. 

ALTERNATIVES {vbar} Try a plunger, plumber's auger or snake to unclog
drains. To clean stains on tiles and glass, make a paste of baking soda
and water. Use the paste with steel wool or a nylon scrubbing pad to
clean your oven. And you can add salt to the mixture for extra abrasion
power when tackling tough stains. 


New carpets as well as the adhesives used to install them can emit VOCs.

ALTERNATIVES {vbar} Air out new carpeting by opening windows and running
a fan for a few days. Moreover, prior to installing new carpet, ask for
low-VOC, formaldehyde-free adhesives. 

Dry-cleaned clothing

It can release perchloroethylene (perc), a probable human carcinogen. 

ALTERNATIVES {vbar} First, consider "wet" cleaning, a dry-cleaning
service that does not use perc. But when you must dry-clean, hang items
near an open window to air them out. 

House paints and paint removers

Paints can spread VOCs. Also, methylene chloride, which in lab tests
causes cancer in animals, is found in aerosol paints and paint removers.

ALTERNATIVES {vbar} Choose low-VOC paints. Paint in well-ventilated
rooms, and wear a face mask or respirator if you are particularly
sensitive or have underlying breathing problems such as asthma. 

Pest control

Roach pesticides can contain organophosphates and carbamates. These
substances are neurotoxins, which can cause headaches, nausea and
tremors. Rodent killers aren't any better: They often contain warfarin,
a chemical that can cause internal bleeding. 

ALTERNATIVES {vbar} Try roach traps that use bait made from slow-acting
poisons or compounds that interfere with a pest's reproductive system.
These products are extremely targeted, stay in a specific area and
aren't sprayed, which can cause more inadvertent exposure than
necessary. For rodents, try such preventive measures as sealing entry
points where rodents can creep in. If they've already infiltrated, set
ordinary mousetraps. 

Plastic products

New plastic products, including computer casings made with polyvinyl
chloride, can emit phthalates. Additionally, they can release
polybrominated diphenyl ethers, flame-retardant chemicals that are
linked to neurological changes in animals. 

ALTERNATIVES {vbar} If the smell is strong, ventilate the area until the
chemical odor dissipates. And on a regular basis, vacuum around
computers, printers and televisions to remove particles that shed from
the plastic and stick to dust. 

Pressed-wood and upholstered furniture

Some glues in pressed wood as well as wrinkle-resistant fabrics can
release formaldehyde, a probable carcinogen that can cause allergic
reactions and bother the eyes, nose and throat. 

ALTERNATIVES {vbar} Put existing furniture in well-ventilated areas and,
when shopping for new items, look for formaldehyde-free furniture,
upholstery and wood products. 

Wood cleaners

Furniture cleaners can give off VOCs, and some polishes contain naphtha.
Naphtha can induce headaches and nausea, and can cause problems in the
central nervous system. 

ALTERNATIVES {vbar} Wear gloves and make sure the room is
well-ventilated when using furniture polishes. In particular, when
cleaning wood floors, consider mixing one cup of vinegar into a pail of
hot water for a nontoxic cleaning alternative. 

Copyright 2009. Consumers Union of United States Inc. 

Deborah L. DeBiasi 
Email:   Deborah.DeBiasi at deq.virginia.gov (NEW!)
WEB site address:  www.deq.virginia.gov 
Virginia Department of Environmental Quality 
Office of Water Permit Programs 
Industrial Pretreatment/Toxics Management Program 
PPCPs, EDCs, and Microconstituents 
Mail:          P.O. Box 1105, Richmond, VA  23218 (NEW!) 
Location:  629 E. Main Street, Richmond, VA  23219 
PH:         804-698-4028 
FAX:      804-698-4032 

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